In 1845 a disease called Potato Blight ruined potato crops all over Ireland. One potato variety, in particular, was grown exclusively – the “lumper” – which became infected in the 1840’s with ‘Phytophthora infestans,’ a deadly pathogen that capitalized on Ireland’s wet and cool weather conditions, turning these potatoes to slime. Irish people love potatoes, so as you can imagine, there are many wise old words from Ireland that place great significance upon the potato. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. While potatoes were, and still are, an integral part in Irish cuisine, you would be mistaken in thinking that there is not much variety besides the humble spud. Just to say, potatoes is a very important food in Ireland. The potato was not popular at first; however, after an unusual promotion campaign that was supported by landowners and members of royalty, who wanted their tenants to plant and eat the crop, it rose in popularity. Still life with potatoes by Vincent van Gogh (public domain) Originating from Peru, the potato reached Europe in the 16th century following the expeditions of Christopher Columbus, but it was not very popular in the beginning. In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. [5] A change in administration in London, resulted in a change in the British government’s relief program in Ireland and reduced the amount of food relief available in the country. All figures relate to production by commercial potato growers, defined as those growing 0.8 hectares (2 acres) or more of potatoes. Many people died from hunger because they had no other food to eat. The potato was well suited to the Irish the soil and climate, and its high yield suited the most important concern of most Irish farmers: to feed their families. The people of Ireland who once depended on the potato died because of famine due to the blight ruining countless acres (Crosby, 1972). The Irish poor starved in great numbers, many travelled to urban centres, in their desperation for food. Potatoes are not native to Ireland but likely originated in the Andes Mountains of Peru, South America. He was especially fearful that royalists and Irish lords would form an alliance and in- November 15, 2020. By 1780 it was the staple of the Irish diet. The potato, from the perennial Solanum tuberosum, is the world’s fourth largest food crop, following rice, wheat, and maize.. The potato is a member of the nightshade family which includes other "New World" crops like tomatoes, peppers and tobacco. From the following table, we can have a view of the potato production conditions in Ireland. Potato news and updates from Ireland. Great Famine, famine that occurred in Ireland in 1845–49 when the potato crop failed in successive years. The importance of diversity The genetically identical lumpers were all susceptible to a rot caused by Phytophthora infestans, which turns non-resistant potatoes to inedible slime. The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) has its origins in South America. My collection comprises 220 varieties, the oldest of which is” Irish Apple”, dating back to 1768. The potato comprises about 25 per cent. People in Ireland had become so dependent on the potato as food that when the blight hit, people did not know what they could afford to grow and eat. J. More pounds of the potato … Oct 7, 2014, 11:44am. The importance of our potato heritage. Although the importance of potato cultivation in Poland has decreased, it is undoubtedly still one of its most important crops. In the early 1500s, Spanish conquerors found the Incas growing the vegetable, which the Spanish called patata. The major potato growing districts of Balochistan are Pishin, Killa Saifulla and Kalat. The damp, cool Irish climate and soil conditions proved perfect for potatoes and the potato rapidly moved from a simple garden vegetable to a staple food crop for both man and animals as it was cheap to grow and even a small plot could produce a hearty crop. They bear white, pink, red, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens.In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins. This is known as the Great Irish Famine. During the 1800’s Ireland was a thriving culture with much going on. Potato Production in Ireland. Which is caused by a mold infestation of the Irish potato crop. While there are almost countless varieties of potatoes in a rainbow of colors , the Irish potato is a white potato, sometimes called an “Earth apple.” According to USDA, potatoes prefer 5.0 to 5.5 pH. of the food of European and English-speaking people. Richard Halleron. This potato also well known as white potato. Varieties Grown Only the Oriental races exist without it. Video: AVR puma 3 potato harvester on tracks. Average yield of potato tuber is only 22.89 MT per ha in the country which is very low as compared to other potato growing countries of the world as Netherlands with 46.27, USA 46.27, UK 41.43 and Australia 36.18 t/ha respectively, (FAO Stats, 2009). Researchers found biopesticide to be effective in controlling potato cyst nematode. area are based on CSO data, while percentages for individual potato varieties are based on surveys of growers. November 16, 2020. For many years, when learning how to grow potatoes, we failed to realize the importance of pH. Every week we will send you a roundup of the most important news in farming and agriculture, completely free! Potatoes are an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals. Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. I grew up eating potatoes everyday for dinner in Ireland. Potato — Production Area(ac) And Production Tonnage In addition to this, it has been considered the unofficial mascot of the Irish food scene throughout history. Irish potato … They were taken back to Europe and eventually reached England where the name changed to potato. ... “Starting in England, I moved on to Scotland and then to Ireland a number of years ago. Too much pine or oak mulch raises the pH and the potatoes will be small and poor in quality. The potato blight that struck in the mid 19th century, combined with the high reliance on this vegetable as a main food source lead to the disasterous Irish potato famine from 1845-1852. They eat potatoes at home. Large Nordic chicken producer invests in potato-based, chicken alternative. Potatoes are the most important artifact and food in Ireland. Too much wood ash or lime can make the soil too alkaline and crop yields will be reduced. For instance, the Irish Potato Famine catalyzed modern agricultural science. However, they did not exist in Ireland until 1589 when British explorer Sir Walter Raleigh brought them back from South America and planted them at his estate in Ireland at Myrtle Grove, Youghal. Potatoes actually came to North America from Ireland in the 1700s, not from our neighbors in Peru, which means that they traveled across the ocean and back again to make it to your dinner plate! The traditional Irish method of planting the potato was in "lazy beds". November 15, 2020. Important information about the diet during the Irish potato famine was revealed by the University of Edinburgh, who conducted research on the teeth of 42 famine victims. Cromwell could not af-ford a recalcitrant Ireland as it could serve as a significant base of support for his enemies, both royalist and Irish. They went to places like America and England. It is named after Ireland due to the famous Irish potato famine. They have tales about them in the great potato. Production Area Ireland’s total production area in 2012 was over 8,700 hectares. [6] The Government was getting irritated and wanted to get rid of all Ireland’s language and culture. The Potato in Ireland – A Blessing and a Curse . Because Ireland was so dependent on the potato, one in eight Irish people died of starvation in three years during the Irish potato famine of the 1840s. The Irish famine was the worst to occur in Europe in the 19th century: about one million people died from starvation or from typhus and other famine-related diseases. The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, began in 1845 when a fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) spread rapidly throughout Ireland… Was first brought from the following table, we failed to realize the importance of pH to potato after due. Ireland about 1590 in 1845, the oldest of which is” Irish Apple”, dating back 1768! 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